WEST CHAMPARAN District at a glance                                                          HOME

Location on global Map between 2616' and 2731' north latitude and 8350' and 8518' east longitude

 

Boundary                                                           
North            :-     Hilly region of Nepal                                                            
South           :-     Gopalganj & part of Purbi  Champaran District
East             :-     Purbi champaran District
West            :-     Padrauna  & Deoria District of Uttar Pradesh
Total Area of the District  :- 5228 Sq. Kms.

As the district has its border with Nepal, it has an international importance. The international border is open with five blocks of the district, namely, Bagaha-II,  Ramnagar,  Gaunaha, Mainatand & Sikta, extending from north-west corner to south-east covering a distance of 35 Kms.

District Headquarters                                     :-     Bettiah
Distance of  Bettiah from Patna                    :-     210 Kms. (By road)
Police Districts under West Champaran     :-     1. Bettiah   

                                                                                 2. Bagaha

Subdivisions under West Champaran         :-     1. Bettiah      

                                                                                 2. Narkatiyaganj

                                                                                 3. Bagaha

No. of   Devlopment   Blocks                        :-      18
No. of  Panchayats                                        :-       315
No. of  Villages                                              :-       1483
Total Length of the Railways tracks within the district :-220Kms

Education

This district has a  literacy rate of 39.63%. There are a few schools in the district which are amongst the best in North Bihar.

No. of  govt  Primary Schools   : 1340

No. of Middle Schools               :   284

No. of  High  Schools                 :    68 (including Minority and Project Schools)

No. of  constituent Colleges      :    3

Industrial Training Institute         :    1

Industrialisation

Agriculture is the main source of income of the people in West Champaran. Some agro-based industries have flourished here and are being run successfully. Sugar mills are established at Majhaulia, Bagaha, Ramnagar, Narkatiaganj, Chanpatia and Lauria. The last two units are closed  at present. Some rice mills are also being run successfully and the produce is being marketed to different places outside the district. Cottage industries based on local available natural and agricultural produce catering the local needs  such as Gur (raw-sugar), basket, rope, mat weaving etc are also popular.

Land use pattern

Mainly three types of crops are produced in this district Bhadai (Autumn crop), Aghani (Kharif) and Rabbi (Spring crop). Bhadai crops comprise mainly Maize and Sugarcane. The main crops of Aghani season are paddy, potato etc. Wheat, Barley, Arhar (Cajamus indicus) are main Rabbi crops. Main crops of the low lying land in northern region of the district is paddy. Land use pattern figures are as follows:-

Total Area of the district                          -     11,96,819 Acre
Forest land                                              -     2,26,790 Acre
Agricultural land                                       -     5,15,097 Acre
Non-agricultural land                               -     68,283 Acre
Land under water                                    -     1,73,078 Acre
Homestead Land                                     -     1,84,764 Acre

Natural Divisions

The District is divided into few distinct tracts. The first consists of the hilly tract of Someswar and Dun range  in the north at  the foot hills of Himalayas.  It is noticeable that the soil even at the foot of the hills has no rocky formation and wherever water can be impounded,a rich growth of crop is possible. The hilly streams, however, play havoc by bringing down huge quantities of sand & destroying cultivable lands. The hills contain large stretches of forests.

Next to the hilly area comes the Terai region  which is largely populated by Tharus of the District.

The Terai region is followed by fertile plains occupying the rest of the district. This plain itself is divided into two well defined tracts by the little Gandak and have markedly distinct  characteristics. The northern portion is composed of old alluvium & has a considerable area of low land. It is traversed by a number of streams flowing southwards.  The southern portion of the tract is characterized by stretches of upland varied in places by large marshy depressions known as chaurs. 

 The Gandak or Narayani and Sikrahana  or little Gandak are the two important rivers of this district.

Climatic Conditions

The climate of the district is cooler & damper than the adjoining districts. The terai area comprising mainly Ramnagar, Bagaha & Narkatiaganj is considered unhealthy while all other area have a healthy  climate. Winter begins in November and lasts till Feburary, followed by hot summer months when temperature rises  to maximum 43 Celsius. Rains set in during the later part of June. The district receives some winter rain also.

Communication

The district still lags behind in having sufficient communication linkage by metalled roads within its territory. National Highway 28 B cris-crosses this district. While  it is well  connected with the State capital by road.

The railways were introduced  in 1888 when Bettiah was linked with Muzaffarpur. The line was extended subsequently to Bhikna Thori on the Indo-Nepal Border. A line also runs from Narkatiaganj to Bairgania vai Raxaul. The construction of Chhitauni Rail Bridge has   resulted in a direct link of the district with Gorakhpur, Lucknow, Delhi, and Mumbai by train.

Bettiah and Valmikinagar have small airports with facility  for  landing of small planes. The airport at Valmiki Nagar is metalled.

Flora & Fauna

The district has suffered large scale denudation of forests. Forests are confined to the northern tract & particularly the Sumeswar & the Dun ranges are covered with forests. Sal, Sisam, Tun & Khair are among the  trees found in this region.  In terai region clumbs of bamboo, sabai grass & narkat reed are found in abundance.

The types of animals available in the forests of the district are tiger, leopard, panther wild pig, nilgai, monkeys(both red and black faced), bear, dear, sambhar, bison, wolves & wild goats.

Three types of quails of the Amazonian species are seen in the district. They are the bustard quails, button quails & the little button quails. Brown fly-catchers, the grey shrike, olive green birds and various types of mynas are found here.

The rehu, naini, katla, tengra, buail, sauri and barari are the big fish varieties found in the bigger rivers & lakes of the district. Snakes are quite common & crocodiles & alligators are sometimes found in the larger river.

Irrigation Facilities

                            Tirhut, Tribeni and Done canals are the most prominent canals operating in this district. They get their water supply from  the Gandak river at Balmikinager, the northern most part of the district bordering Nepal.

Live Stock

This district depends a lot on livestock for cultivation. The plough cattle are bred locally. There are many fine well-conditioned bullocks seen in the district particularly the cart bullock . Buffaloes are main source of milk . They are generally of small type but in fairly good condition.

Mines & Minerals

The Dun & Sumeswar hills in the extreme north which are the continuation of Shivalik range are formed of ill compacted sandstone. There are beds of Kankar (sandstone) in parts of the district  & saltpetre is found almost everywhere.

Rainfall

Rainfall is heavier than most of the districts & is especially heavy in the terai region. The normal annual rainfall is about 56".

Trade & Commerce

The rich forests of the district have opened the doors of a flourishing trade in timber. The district borders Nepal on the north over a long stretch of land. There are some road routes also connecting the district with Nepal. Naturally, therefore, a good bulk of the Indo Nepal trade is carried on through the district. Nepalese rice, timber and spices are imported into India while textiles, petroleum products etc. are exported into Nepal through the district. The chief trade centres are Bagaha, Bettiah, Chanpatia & Narkatiaganj.